Choosing The Right Method Of Treatment: Inpatient VS Outpatient Treatment

Inpatient vs outpatient programs

Define Inpatient Treatment

Drug abuse is rampant in our society, only to the better understanding of drug addiction, can prevent this nasty bug from potential growth. Also, you need to aware of what is your best alternative to cure your or loved one’s substance addiction. There available are rehabilitation centers across the USA, they mostly offer two programs to get rid of your substance dependence. The recovery programs include Inpatient Treatment and Outpatient treatment options. Understanding Inpatient vs outpatient programs helps better manage your substance addiction problem.

Inpatient vs outpatient’ Treatment

Inpatient

For the severe type of substance dependence, you need 24/7 attention and management of unwanted withdrawal symptoms, for managing the withdrawal effects of any substance addition, you need to treat with professionally managed detox programs. In patient treatment plans are professionally managed to overcome severe addiction effects. Beware, managing a severe addiction needs highly skilled professional help that saves you from potential “lethal effects”, and gets you back on the normal track successfully.

Treatment of your substance dependence, is a time-consuming and serious business, as inpatient rehabs first, need to explore what substance you are addicted to, the daily volume of intake apart from understanding the frequency of your intakes, before deciding for the final course of your treatment. Also, they are capable enough to manage the alternating changings in the behavior of your withdrawal symptoms. To do so, they offer intensive care facility for the first week of your withdrawal at least; these rehabs extend outstanding support according to the levels of appeared withdrawal symptoms.

Apart from saving you from painful and potentially fatal(sometimes) withdrawal symptoms, these rehabs offer a drug-free environment, with offering you right course of treatment and additional backing of support groups and counseling. Apart from offering duel treatment facility (CBT support, a conditional support, always check with them before deciding the matter). During the inpatient treatment you need to live on the premises, it offers due care apart from getting you away from your wrong circles.

Inpatient vs. outpatient facilities offers three types of inpatient support rehabs

Free Rehabs: these works on grants, generally you need to enroll with them for admission as these are packed to their capacity most of the time.

Inexpensive: your therapist suggests you considering your financial condition. These are good alternatives for most abusers.

Executive Support: these rehabs offer you a 5-star service level. It is a costly affair, designed for those who can pay the expenses easily.

Usually, it takes anything between 30 to 90 days’ care in these inpatient rehabs to get back you to a normal life.

Outpatient vs. inpatient

What is the outpatient drug-free treatment?

For less severe cases of substance abuse, your therapist may suggest an outpatient treatment for you. In this program, you stay at home! However, visit the rehab regularly according to the visiting schedule that usually prepared in consideration to the levels of severity of addiction. If your addiction is of minor, then you may be recommended to visit the rehab 2-3 days a week for 2-3 hours’ session. However, for intermediate substance dependence, you may ask to visit the rehab 4-5 days a week for 4-6 hours’ treatment session.

These programs are comparatively inexpensive then the inpatient programs, as they offer you round -the-clock care for months even. To get rid of, your minor and intermediate level drug or substance dependence. These rehabs not only offer you due treatment apart from extending counseling and help from support groups to learn new skills to overcome your drug addiction and become a useful member of the society again.

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Alcohol Withdrawal And Its Effects

alcohol withdrawal

Alcohol withdrawal

The individuals who used to drink excessively and for an extended period of time fall prey to alcohol tolerance.  Once dependent on alcohol, they are doing nothing but to take more alcohol to create desired effects. Ultimately, those with an alcohol dependence, need to drink to thwart Alcohol withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms of withdrawal can be deep and prove lethal even.

Symptoms Of Alcohol Withdrawal

The Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal both covers the areas of psychological and physical effects. It’s the severity of alcohol intake and its duration that will determine the severity of withdrawal symptoms. Those who drink often and in excessive amounts, subsequently, experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.

The most common symptoms may include:

  • Anxiety and depression
  • Fatigue and headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Shakiness and irritability
  • Fever and nightmares
  • Delirium Tremens

The last of the list is really a serious sort of Alcohol withdrawal. Those who usually take one pint or an equal amount of alcohol for longer durations are likely to fall prey to delirium tremors and it triggers confusion, hallucinations, and tremors as well. Apart from above-mentioned risks they are likely to develop conditions that include:

  • Heart Problems
  • Fatal injuries from abrupt seizures

Seizures may befall 12 – 48 hours, once the drinking stops completely. About 5% of excessive drinkers suffer delirium tremors.

Alcohol Withdrawal Timeline

The initial signs of withdrawal are typically inside 5 to 10 hours, once alcohol consumption stops. Tremors are the most common first signs of withdrawal. While severe withdrawal encompasses seizures and hallucinations to follow. The initial 24 to 48 hours is the most crucial period of withdrawal! The symptoms start receding all throughout the subsequent weeks.

Physical symptoms, however, start receding early and are of lesser intensity. Long-standing effects of alcohol withdrawal may have prolonged effects for months or years even. These include sleep disorders or lasting periods of depression.

Detox Alcohol

Alcohol detox is a complex process and needs special measures to manage the stability of the patient. Alcohol Addicts may experience strong and undesired effects from the detox procedure. That is why it’s imperative to avoid trying to quit on your own, always consult a rehab to do so. They offer the required level of management skills for the detox process. Controlled detox guarantees careful monitoring of Medication for alcohol withdrawal when necessary.

Alcohol withdrawal medication works to help balance a patient’s system in addition to preventing complications, a key segment of  alcohol detox. Medication for alcohol withdrawal is compromised of drugs that reduce cravings, thwart seizures, and offer a remedy to other associated disorders.

Alcohol Withdrawal Medications

Alcohol withdrawal medication works to help balance a patient’s system in addition to preventing complications, a key segment of detox alcohol. Medication for alcohol withdrawal is comprised of drugs that reduce cravings, thwart seizures, and offer a cure to other associated disorders.

Benzodiazepines works to decrease psychosomatic withdrawal signs such as anxiety. Benzos-sedition lets individuals detox devoid of seizure risk. Simultaneously, they help to prevent convinced symptoms of Alcohol withdrawal. In addition, anticonvulsant medication may be tried with benzos for alcohol withdrawal.

Treatment For Alcohol Withdrawal And Addiction

Detox is a basic procedure to an alcohol addiction. Rehabs offer a conducive environment for detox, for inpatient alcohol abusers. While outpatient detox support may have extended to the mild alcohol addiction patients. The clinics for outdoor patients offer Medications for alcohol withdrawal and other required support in the whole detox period. Detox isn’t the only step toward sobriety. Continued treatment and help from support groups in addition to learning new coping skills to help get back an alcoholic to starting a normal life again.

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Ativan Abuse And Addiction

ativan abuse and addiction

What is Ativan: An Overview

Ativan belongs to the benzodiazepine family of drugs, it’s a rapid-acting medicine that is used to treat stress and anxiety. It’s a highly addictive drug. The uncontrolled consumption at whatever dosage regimen for a sustained period of time makes it an unsafe and an addictive substance. It’s not safe for those who are taking Ativan with the consent of their doctors, but are not under the strict supervision of the doctor. Individuals with a history of alcohol and drug abuse or those with having personality disorder syndrome, are at a higher risk of an Ativan addiction.

Is Ativan addictive?

Yes, indeed it is! Those with an Ativan addiction, may use the drug despite facing very serious addiction effects in their day to day life, which may include:

  • Losing their interest in work, unwillingness to perform home or school obligations.
  • Indulge in combative personal issues with friends and loved ones
  • Losing interest in day to day business obligations
  • Facing financial obligations
  • Getting into unsafe circumstances
  • Prey top social segregation

Once addicted, individuals eventually increase the intake of Ativan under compulsion to produce the desired effects. In other words, it is increased tolerance to the remedy. This is the stage, where despite their will power, they can’t quit the drug. Withdrawal symptoms can make quitting rather difficult.

Is lorazepam addictive? (Ativan)

Lorazepam is a generic name of Ativan, in addition to prescribing it for anxiety, it is also given for insomnia and epilepsy sufferers and for a panic attack and depression. It is a highly addictive substance and not prescribed for a duration in excess of a month or so. It is also used during alcohol detox to cope withdrawal symptoms. It starts working in the body within two hours after administrating the drug to a patient.  

Ativan Abuse and Effects

As described earlier, Ativan is a highly addictive drug. It’s a prescription drug. As most individuals considered Ativan a safe drug and does not understand they’re misusing the medication. Addiction side effects include:

  • A euphoric high
  • The continued state of calm.
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Drowsiness

If administered with alcohol, it extends the relaxing effects for longer. Furthermore, Ativan overdoses occur mostly when it’s taken with alcohol or other sedative substances. Symptoms of overdose may include:

  • Confusion and unclear speech.
  • Lack of energy and loss of body movement control.
  • Low blood pressure and slow breathing
  • Muscle weakness and Coma

It’s also taken with addictive substances like Heroin and cocaine. Beware, a combination intake of Ativan may prove fatal. Do not quit Ativan on your own, it can be very dangerous. Ativan withdrawal should be done only under the care of a qualified professional.

Ativan Abuse Statistics

  • Over 27 million prescriptions were written for Ativan in 2014.
  • The span of Ativan addiction is nationwide; in 2014, about 16000 people ended up in hospital emergency rooms due to Ativan complications.
  • 95 percent of people hospitalized were using a combination intake of Ativan and other substances.

 

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The Abuse And Addiction To Concerta

concerta addiction & abuse

What is Concerta?

Is Concerta a stimulant? Yes, Concerta is a yet another stimulant that may bring great latent addiction. It’s mostly used by students and athletes to boost their concentration, focus, attention and to enhance their performance. While some use it for getting a Concerta high, it’s a prescription stimulant drug from the identical class as that of Ritalin. The chemical formation of Concerta is identical to that of amphetamine and cocaine, and makes it an extremely addictive drug.

People who consume the medicine recreationally and without a prescription or use it in excess of the prescribed dosage regimen are usually fallen prey to a Concerta addiction. It is hard for a Concerta abuser to end Concerta use abruptly, as it will bring painful withdrawal symptoms such as fatigue, depression and paranoia.

Concerta Abuse

Apart from creating above mentioned undesirable effects, prolonged Concentra use may display sign that include:

  • Elevated doses to acquire anticipated effects. The drug tolerance is the key culprit for doing this.
  • A very strong urge to consume Concerta.
  • Finding creative ways to acquire the substance, no matter what the cost or legal implications of getting the drug.
  • Concerta use may trigger family issues like regular disputes with loved ones and neglecting their own family responsibilities.

People may abuse Concerta to:

  • To acquire academic excellence, as Concerta offers increased concentration, focus, and alertness and boosts energy levels as well. College students frequently abuse stimulants to help improve their studies
  • Losing weight is yet another effect the user may seek from Concerta, as stimulants often trigger appetite-suppression.
  • Concerta is chiefly used as a stimulant meant to upsurge attention span and diminish hyperactivity.
  • Concerta, along with other stimulants, can offer a calming effect and increase focus. Concerta is  widely used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The drug also slowly raises the user’s dopamine levels in the brain, achieving a euphoric effect.
  • Some people abuse Concerta by crushing and snorting large doses of it for a more powerful high.
  • The drug can also be abused intravenously.

Getting high is the effect most addicts hunt from Concerta usage. As it activates the “reward system” within the human brain. For ADHD patients, it works to suppress-hyperactivity.

  • Augmented dopamine levels (stimulants natural effect) are deeply linked to the feelings of pleasure and increased attention.

Understanding Concerta

The Concerta pill  is unusually available in a cylindrical shape with colors like red, yellow, gray or white, which represents its strengths that include 18, 27–36mg in addition to 54mg. Concerta is a brand name of the generic medicine Methylphenidate. There are other brand names of methylphenidate include:

  • Attention XR
  • Metadate ER
  • Metadate CD
  • Ritalin
  • Ritalin LA
  • Ritalin SR

Concerta has common street names such as kibbles & bits, pineapple, kiddy cocaine, kiddie coke, skittles, and smarties as well. Concerta is regulated by FDA as a Schedule II stimulant drug.

Concerta Side-Effects

Dr. Lawrence Diller of the Sacramento Bee says, “When abused by older teens or adults – especially if it’s crushed or poured from capsules then snorted or injected – the drug is more like other forms of amphetamine, including methamphetamine, that have damaging and addictive psychological and physical effects.”

Concerta disturbs the chemical arrangement in the nervous system and in the brain, which means hyperactivity and impulse mechanism. It is mostly prescribed to treat narcolepsy and ADHD. However, without a prescription abuse of the drug is related to its stimulant effects. Taking excessive Concerta doses can cause an overdose that may prove fatal as well.

The possible Concerta overdose effects include:

Physical Effects:

  • Vomiting
  • Jerking
  • Headache
  • Convulsions
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased heart rate
  • Sinus arrhythmia and Dry mouth.

Psychological Effects:

  • Psychoses
  • Aggression
  • Manic-like state
  • Compulsive behaviors
  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia and disorientation

Concerta Abuse Statistics

About 6.4 million kids and teen from the age of 4 to 17 years, are diagnosed with ADHD.

Around 33% of regular college students have abused Concerta and alike stimulants.

There were 15,585 emergency visits associated with Concerta and alike medications were reported in 2010.

People with  Concerta Addiction are directed not to quit taking the medicine without proper medical management. Only a medical professional can set up a withdrawal program for the abuser and schedule a proper course of treatment.

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Some Common Drug Overdose Problems & How To Avoid Them

drug overdose

An Overview

A drug overdose is generally what a drug addict is looking for; though they like to deny the fact at first, despite having an idea of the risks, they ignore the possibly fatal consequences of an overdose. Though a drug overdose does not always brings fatal consequences. An overdose becomes extremely hazardous and at times requires hospitalization.

We need to know the consequences of a drug overdose if any of our loved ones get involved in drug abuse. Updated information regarding What pills can you overdose on will help us to respond in a timely manner to save someone from fatal consequences of drug overdose/abuse.

How do you overdose?

The simple answer to the question is called: a condition in the human body and brain overwhelmed by medications and undesired effects. A poisonous effect happens if the human body fails to process the volume of drug (or chemical) that have been consumed. Nevertheless, our body can manage the toxic effects in many cases—still, at times death or severe organ injury can be the final outcome of a drug overdose.

What Does Tolerance Do in Case of an Overdose?

Though the tolerance level is a key factor, if somebody has been abusing a specific medication for an extended period of time, their tolerance rank increases to an untenable point. With time, they require more and more quantity of the drug to attain the desired effects.

What can you overdose on: Another less known, but relatively dangerous aspect of drug tolerance is the use of any addictive substance after a long break and in quantities can prove fatal. In this case they will consume the substance with relatively weaker tolerance levels—which, often prove fatal. Among other factors, the tolerance level reacts in relation to age, weight, health, and on the consumption method. An overdose happens when the human body has already reached the level of what it can bear.

What do you do when someone has overdosed?

There are a number physical indicators when a person has overdosed. While some are pretty clear, the others may not be as visible. There are different drug overdose signs an abuser can show, depending on what substances and quantity the user has swallowed or ingested. That’s why understanding the signs can greatly help to arrange an appropriate emergency support plan of action.

Most Common Pills To Overdose On:

Beware, it is not only medicines that cause these overdose signs, consuming opioids, painkillers and heroin, may cause similar sort of symptoms delete> as well. A common myth is that an individual must be unconscious or show severe distress for an overdose to have occured, but it is not the case every time.

Setting Aside being Unconscious There Are A Number Of Other Signs That Can Be The Result Of

An Overdose:

  • Severe chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • They may experience agitation, nervousness, confusion or delirious
  • Seizures

It isn’t necessary for a drug abuser to show all of these signs of an overdose; it may be few from the list or one like difficulty breathing mostly. There are no hard and fast rules for the management of overdosing. It is a demanding task for everyone involved. Fortunately, there are measures you can take to help lessen the harm.

The Steps You Should Take If You Suspect Someone Is Overdosing:

  • Stay around and keep talking to them
  • Assure them that everything is going to be okay soon.
  • Try hard to keep them awake and conscious. Keep talking and asking for a response. For example, repeatedly asking what is their name?
  • If they look unresponsive, place them on their side and call 911 immediately
  • Follow the instructions of the 911 operator carefully to offer first aid to the individual
  • Do not give them anything to eat or drink
  • Do not try to make them throw up
  • Do not leave them alone

Most common pills to overdose on:

Keep in mind that most often over-the- counter (OTC) medications are proving to be the most commonly used pills that can cause an overdose. As these are easy to acquire for just about anyone, and some of these are often found in the average household medicine cabinet. Interestingly, these over the counter medications are not in the forefront of people’s thoughts of  pills that can cause an overdose or even death.

What can you overdose on?

OTC drugs: Although these drugs are visibly marked as being dangerous in high doses, they constantly top the list of medicines accountable for overdoses. Benadryl and other cough remedies are often used to attain an inexpensive high. Signs of an OTC overdose mainly include nausea, vomiting, and severe body pain.

Prescription Painkillers: these drugs are largely accountable for unintentional overdose cases for the past several years. Lots of people are lawfully prescribed tranquilizer pain killers, but extended or illegitimate use of these can lead to developing a high tolerance! <no exclamations Thus increasing the dosage can cause increased tolerance and may lead to an eventual overdose. Symptoms of overdose include difficulty breathing, disorientation, confusion and seizures.

Methamphetamine: Methamphetamine is a stimulant; therefore, its overdosing effects appear very rapidly. The symptoms may come so fast the user has no time to take safety precautions. Overdose symptoms include excessive sweating, convulsions, chest pain, or even seizures.

Heroin: Heroin is a dangerous and highly addictive substance and is often almost effortless to overdose on. The drug’s “high” symptoms are so similar to its overdose symptoms, this is why users cannot distinguish them many times. Indications of a heroin overdose may include trouble breathing, a weak pulse, a discolored tongue, or constricted pupils.

Cocaine:  is yet another highly addictive stimulant, it’s also another ever increasing tolerance-oriented substance. It can be ingested in many ways as well. Those who inject cocaine have a high probability of overdosing. The symptoms of overdose may include confusion, seizures, chest pains, and prospective organ failure.

Sedatives And Antidepressants: Antidepressants are more widely prescribed than pain killers. All require a legal prescription. But many can be easily obtained through different means including on-line health stores. These sedatives, in addition to antidepressants, act as a depressant. The overdose symptoms include vomiting, irregular heartbeat, urinary retention, or loss of consciousness.

Drug Combinations: Taking an amalgamation of drugs can bring the most dangerous overdose risk. It can generate extraordinary heights of strain within the body, and treating these types of overdosed affected individuals is a demanding task. delete>as well. Many times, overdoses involving a combination of drugs proves fatal.

Though OTC overdose related deaths top the list, accidental overdoses are ruled by opioid and heroin abuse. These two together have more overdose deaths than the rest of the drugs combined.

Opioid Pain Killer and Heroin Overdose Statistics

Due to the cumulative usage of prescription opioids for pain management, opioids have swiftly outgrown heroin as the second-most fatal overdose reason after OTC drugs. Here are the latest figures that demonstrate the fatal effects of opioid painkillers and heroin overdoses:

  • Between 1990 and 2010, opioid pain reliever related overdoses increased 200%. However, over the same period, heroin overdoses increased around 50%.
  • In the 28 states tracked by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), heroin overdose doubled from 2010 to 2012.
  • In 2012, 25 to 34 years old was the highest heroin overdose-related fatality age group. While in the same period of time, 45 to 54 years old was the highest opioid pain relievers related fatality age group.

Don’t Let the Fear to Stop You from Calling for Help

Stay away from all fears including delete> the police involvement, and call for immediate help. Once the symptoms are identified and appropriate action has been taken, professional help will arrive. Leave the rest to the medical professionals; they are trained to manage such cases.

Understanding Drug Overdose Treatment

What pills can you overdose on, Is the key question in helping to recover from this condition. How much time has passed? What quantity of the substance was consumed? These are the right questions to be asked in order to decide on the proper course of treatment.

All drug overdose related phone calls are taken very seriously. Here are some overdose related steps the emergency medical aid may apply to stabilize the patient.

  • The stomach is washed out through a gastric lavage procedure (a sort of pumping).
  • Activated charcoal can be administered to absorb the substance to avoid its spread all over the body. Once the substance binds to the activated charcoal, then it has expelled through the stool. Sometimes, however, a cathater is prearranged to accelerate the expulsion of the toxins.
  • If the individual is displaying agitating or violent behavior, corporeal checks or sedatives may be applied. Though, this can be a troubling to the family, but is necessary sometimes to save the life of an abuser.
  • In the case of breathing difficulty, they may be intubated. In this procedure, doctors pass the tube to the airways of an individual to help restore easier breathing while detoxification process is on.
  • For certain overdoses, the medical professionals may administer some other drugs known as the “antidote” to reverse the undesired effects of the substance. They can also use other specialized medications and procedures to save organ damage.

There are many treatment alternatives available, depending on the case severity and what substance has to be cleared. If multiple drug consumption is the case, then generally, diverse methods will be engaged to keep the person from going into a coma or worse.

Once the patient is in recovery, the road can be a long one. Aftercare may involve extensive hospital stays and/or psychiatric assessments. Sometimes the abuser may be kept under 24/7 observation. These are serious problems that need extra precautions and specialized care.

Some Facts About Drug Overdose

Drug addiction is a worldwide problem. No matter where you live, drug overdoses are a real threat to our society. Drug overdose statistics are alarming. Here’re Some Additional Statistics Surrounding Drug Abuse In The United States:

  • In 2013, drug overdose was the leading cause of death among the 25 to 64 age group. Drug overdose was responsible for more deaths than automobile crash fatalities
  • Drug overdose deaths doubled between 1999 to 2013
  • In 2013, an astounding 81.1% of all drug overdose deaths were accidental
  • Prescription opioid abuse cost $55.7 billion in 2012. Of this sum; 46% was credited to work related losses, 45% healthcare expenses, and 9% criminal justice expenditures.
  • 59% more men than women died of a drug overdose in 2013
  • Drug Abuse and Overdosing is not a local problem, but a Global Problem

Here Are Some Of The More Shocking Global Figures On Drug Overdosing:

  • Internationally, there were approximately 183,000 drug-connected deaths reported in 2013, the majority of which were accredited to an overdose of opioids.
  • In 2013, the overdoses related death toll surpassed the road-related deaths in the United Kingdom.
  • In Canada, between 1991 and 2010, an alarming 242% increase in opioids-overdose associated deaths were recorded.
  • Approximately four Australians die every single day from a drug overdose. Like the U.S. and the UK, drug overdose related deaths surpass the road-related fatalities in Australia as well.
  • From 2000 to 2010, an estimated 70,000 people died in the European Union member countries from a drug overdose

These numbers tell the most neglected story about drug overdose related deaths. It does not cover the people who are now mentally or physically handicapped due to drug complications. We truly hope these facts and stats help widen your vision regarding this very serious issue. It may help save lots of precious lives in future.

Getting Help Before It’s Too Late

Beware: an overdose is a grave, ever-growing, and a possibly fatal consequence of drug addiction and dependence. If you’re facing this grave issue with someone you love who is at risk of a drug overdose, don’t wait. Contact a professional drug addiction advisor.

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